Drinking Water Standards

Cost of Bottled Water: Why Is It So Expensive?

Water Cost Savings

Cost of Bottled Water Bottled water is big business in the United States. Consumers spend billions of dollars each year to quench their thirst, placing bottled water squarely at the number one spot for beverage sales in the U.S. In 2018, Americans spent more than $18 billion on bottled water according to the Beverage Marketing […]

July 9, 2019 Read more

Health Benefits Of Filtered Drinking

Water Health Benefits

Drinking Water Filter Few things are as critical to your health as water. It is no exaggeration to say humans run on water. Every last cell, muscle, and joint in our bodies rely on water to function correctly. The problem is that not all drinking water is the same. To optimize your health, the water […]

July 9, 2019 Read more

Arsenic: Health Concerns and Dangers

Water Health Benefits

Arsenic is a natural element that is present in the Earth’s crust and found in water, air, food, and soil. According to the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, arsenic in groundwater is a widespread problem. Arsenic levels in water tend to be higher in groundwater sources, such as wells, and lower in surface sources, […]

July 5, 2019 Read more

Drink Water the Eco-Friendly Way

Eco-Friendly Water

Drinking plenty of clean water is one of the best things you can do for your health, so it’s no surprise that bottled water is the fastest-growing beverage choice in the world. However, while bottled water is great for the companies that make it, it’s an ecological disaster for the planet. Environmental Impact of Plastic […]

June 26, 2019 Read more

Learn More About Drinking Water Standards

EPA Drinking Water Standards

The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulates the limits of contaminants in the water for public consumption provided by public water systems in order to protect public health. The authority given to the EPA to set standards and regulations comes out of the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA), enacted by Congress in 1974 and twice amended and reauthorized in 1986 and 1996. The EPA works with over 150,000 public water systems that serve over 300 million people, to protect against exposure to naturally occurring and man-made contaminants. The process of regulation underlined in SDWA leads to the development of a national primary drinking water regulation in the future.

The EPA has set standards that regulate and control the level of contaminants in the nation’s drinking water. They require set monitoring schedules and methods to measure the number of contaminants in the water most of the population drinks. Under the SDWA these standards are part of the “multiple barriers,” to protect drinking water. They include the assessment and protection of drinking water sources, protecting wells and collection systems, as well as making sure water is properly treated by experts in the field. Other standards include establishing principles of distribution systems and making information about the quality of water available to the public.

Primary Drinking Water Standards

National Primary Drinking Water regulations set mandatory water quality standards for contaminants found in drinking water. These standards are determined by taking into consideration the impact of the contaminants on people’s health and by looking at what is technologically and economically feasible for the water treatment facilities. These national regulations also provide treatment technique requirements for maximum allowable level of a contaminant in water available to users of a public water system. These legally enforceable standards limit the levels of specific contaminants maximum contaminant levels (MCL) and are established to protect the public against consuming water that presents a risk to human health.

Secondary Drinking Water Standards

Secondary drinking water standards are unenforceable federal guidelines regarding aesthetic effects such as taste, odor, color, and non-aesthetic effects such as skin or tooth discoloration in drinking water. The contaminants classified under secondary drinking water standards do not present a risk to human health. Public water systems may test for these contaminants on a voluntary basis.

EPA recommends these standards to the states as reasonable goals, but because they are not mandatory, federal law does not require water systems to comply with them. States may, however, adopt their own enforceable regulations governing these contaminants.